The Start of Badminton

Badminton gets its name from Badminton House, located in the English county of Gloucestershire, and is the seat of the Duke of Beaufort. The Duke is credited for bringing back from India a variant of the game called Poona and teaching it to his visitors in 1873. Unlike other net sports, badminton employs a shuttlecock rather than a ball. A shuttlecock is a conical open item made of goose feathers inserted in a circular cork base. This projectile moves at a faster rate than in any other racket sport.

The sport soon gained popularity, and the newly created Bath Badminton Club devised the first set of codified regulations in 1877. The Badminton Federation of England was formed 16 years later, and the inaugural All England Championships were held in 1899 (International Olympic Committee, n.d.).

A match comprises three best-of-three games, with the winner being the first player or couple to achieve 21 points. If the score is 20-20, the team with a two-point lead wins the game. If the difference is less than two points, the game will continue until the two-point difference is reached. If the score reaches 29-all, the team that gets to 30 first wins the game.

The Olympics

At the 1972 Munich Olympic Games, Badminton debuted as a demonstration sport. It was not formally placed on the Olympic program until the 1992 Games in Barcelona, featuring men’s and women’s singles and doubles events. The mixed doubles event debuted in the Atlanta Olympic Games in 1996. The number of events has been constant since then.

Serving is probably an essential part of the game since it is the one-shot that must be included in every rally (Walden, 2021). You have as much time as you need to prepare, so there is no excuse for not doing it well. Because the serve marks the beginning of each rally and determines its flow, it is an essential component of the game to master in badminton (Starting Right – How Crucial Is the Serve, n.d.).

1. Low serve

This low serve is virtually a soft touch over the net with the shuttle, intending to fly just over the net but land just short of his service court’s front line. It would be best if you were not too high or predictable, or you can make a complete smash or net kill for your opponent.

2. High serve

The high serve is a robust upward hit with the shuttle that tries to go a long distance upwards and land deep towards the back end of the court. Although it is a powerful serve and a popular choice for beginners, it is difficult to hide, primarily if you use a forehand grip. Your opponent will have previously predicted that the shuttlecock would land at the rear of the court. Remember that shuttlecocks must fall within the respective service zones, which differ between singles and doubles.

3. Flick serve

This flip serve is played upwards as well, although at a considerably lower altitude. The flick serves most commonly executed by players using their backhand, and the trajectory is more downward since this grip has less force. The main idea of the backhand flick serve is to deceive the opponent by changing your serves and making it appear as though you’re executing a low serve. As a result, serving with your backhand is highly popular among competitive players. It is difficult for your opponent to predict whether you will execute a flick or a low serve since your stroke will appear identical until the point of contact.

4. Drive serve            

This is an aggressive serve that elite badminton players use. The goal is to hit the shuttle directly towards your opponent, limiting their return choices and catching them off guard, allowing you to score efficiently. It’s a refreshing change of pace, but it’s also hazardous since your opponent may smash the shuttlecock back at you if he’s prepared. This service is made with your forehand using an underarm motion and a follow-through. The shuttle should be dropped sideways rather than directly in front of your body, and it should be struck flatter.

In playing badminton, players and coaches come up with the best strategies to win a game. One of the strategies teams often use is the type of services they will use that are effective against their opponent and beneficial for their game. There are two types of services in a badminton match; forehand serve and backhand serve. This type of service results in different outcomes; winning a game will be a lot easier with the right strategy.

Every badminton point duel begins with a serve. It is the initial stage in the game that introduces participants to one another. Every touch in badminton is essential, but the first time you hit the birdie may significantly impact you. A strong serve may provide you a considerable advantage since, if played correctly, the opponent may use a significant amount of mental and physical energy on the return (Wright, 2018). This implies that their reply will be less effective, giving the serving player the previously described advantage. The following step in the exchange may be selected freely and based on their judgment and requirements.

Forehand serves make the birdie go long towards the backline of the court. This service gives a significant advantage for the server since the return will provide ample time to react to the opponent’s counter. However, this type of serve imposes a substantial risk as it could result in an out as it is less accurate than a backhand serve.

On the other hand, a backhand serve gives more control towards the trajectory of the birdie, decreasing the probability of a fault in service. With the backhand serve, you have a greater chance of getting the shuttle hurled up, giving you more opportunities for various shots.

Regardless of these reasons, varying the playing style will give a much better result when playing a game. The ability to adapt to sudden changes will help players ensure a victory without much difficulty.

A boy who once dreamed of being the number one player in badminton became more than a milestone in the sport’s history.

Prakash Padukone has been nicknamed the “God of Badminton,” showing extraordinary skills knocking off opponents in his unique skills and talent in the sport in his early days. The characteristic had him earning the title of the “Father of Badminton.”

Early Days

Ramesh Padukone, his father, was the secretary of the Mysore Badminton Association when Prakash was born on the 10th of June in 1955. Once he first set his foot on the Badminton court, Padukone immediately fell in love. His father was his most outstanding mentor, as he began to compete in championships at the young age of seven. Prakash Padukone learned badminton from state players at a wedding hall, where he developed his abilities.

The Start of the New Beginning

He continued to train until he was 16 when his training paid him off for being the youngest player in history to win the National Senior Championship. It so happened that ever since his first win, he has made an astonishing record for having nine straight wins in a row.

His Life and Career

Padukone became the first-ever Indian to win the title at the All England Championship in 1980. As a result of his aggressive style of play, he was renowned and respected across the globe and was consistently ranked among the world’s top 10 players. It was 1989 when Padukone withdrew from the badminton circuit, and it was 1994 when he opened his academy in Bengaluru, where he coaches and develops emerging potential. Badminton Association of India (BAI) Chairman for a brief time.             

Today, the Father of Badminton is 65 years old, and his name still radiates to the sport’s identity. To all aspiring badminton athletes, Padukone is an ideal player—a figure worth looking up to.

There are many fascinating facts about badminton, yet here are three of the most unique and fantastic trivia about the sport.

Fastest Recorded Object in Sports

During the testing of the new racket technology in 2013, Tan Boon Hoeng from Malaysia established the new world record of the badminton smash at a speed of 493 km/h. Furthermore, Lee Chong Wei also set out the new world record for the fastest smash in badminton during the finals of the 2017 Japan Open, at a speed of 417 km/h, which had his speed recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records. These records set the shuttlecock, also known as the badminton birdie, a record-holder for the fastest recorded object in sports.

The Shortest and Longest Matches

Would you believe it if the shortest match in badminton lasted only six minutes? South Korea’s Ra Kyung-Min beat England’s Julia Mann in the Uber Cup of ’96 with 11-1 vs. 11-2. Their match was the shortest ever played in the history of badminton. On the other hand, a 161-minute game between Kurumi Yonao of Japan and Naoko Fukuman of Indonesia in the women’s doubles semi-finals of the 2016 Badminton Asian Championships holds the record for the longest match.

The Shuttlecock Material

Some shuttlecocks are now made from various synthetic materials. However, the original and quality shuttlecocks are made from the left wings of the goose and only the left. But why not the right? 

This is all because of one aspect in science: aerodynamics. According to the deputy president of the Badminton World Federation, Paisan Rangsikitpho, the geese’s wing curvatures have variances that give off different spins in the shuttlecock. When all the 16 feathers of the left-wing are gathered, it creates a clockwise-spinning shuttlecock. However, if you use the right-wing feathers, your shuttlecock will spin in the other direction. 

Badminton shares a lot of interesting facts I bet you have not heard before. The sport has a lot to offer, both to athletes and beginners. Whether in athletics or leisure, why not give it a try?

Badminton is undeniably one of the most popular sports in the world. This sport is widely played in Asian countries due to its popularity in the region. Badminton is also a major event in the Olympics wherein the best players in the world compete for a gold medal. Badminton is also governed by a special body that regulates and improves the sports of badminton. The tournaments spearheaded by the Badminton World Federation are also a benchmark to pronounce the best badminton players globally.

MEN’S DIVISION

1. Lee Chong Wei

He is a Malaysian professional badminton player. From August 2008 until June 2012, he was rated one in the world in singles. He holds the distinction of being the only Malaysian player to be ranked top in the world for more than a year. In terms of Olympic accomplishments, he has three silver medals and is Malaysia’s sixth Olympic medalist. He adored Sun Jun of China as a child. Sun Jun has previously held the title of World Champion. Lee Chong is widely regarded as one of the best players Malaysia has created in the previous ten years.

2. Chen Long

Chen Long is dubbed the Little Dan after following one of the greatest badminton players in China. He is currently ranked No.2 in the world, following Lee Chong Wei on the ladder. This 25-year-old prodigy started his career in a junior championship in the 2007 BWF World Junior Championships. He won against Lee Chong Wei in the 2016 Rio Olympics for the Gold medal bout, making him the new world champion for the men’s single category. He has two world and All England titles. Chen has confessed that he has always admired and aspired to become like the two great legendary players Lee Chong Wei and Lin Dan, whom he first saw in the Beijing Olympics.

3. Lin Dan

The number three spot is taken by a Chinese player named Lin Dan. At the age of 33, he is still competing professionally, facing younger players in the sport. Lin Dan was one of the most decorated badminton players globally when he achieved the Super Grand Slam by winning all nine major badminton titles. He’s known for his risky playstyle of smashing towards the sidelines, which is a risky move, especially under pressure. Despite his age, he is sure one of the players to watch out for with his trick shots and out-of-the-world moves.

4. Viktor Axelsen

A 23-year-old player from Denmark with a bright future in the game of Badminton. Viktor Axelsen stands out among Badminton’s rising talents. He was the first European player to be the title winner in the 2010 world junior championships of the BWF. In the same year, he made his professional debut, claiming the Cyprus International. Upon debuting to the professional league, he found himself lagging behind the seasoned players of the league; but, with his young age and the potential he possesses, he will undoubtedly become the next great thing.

5. Jan O. Jorgensen

Jan O. Jorgensen is another Danish player to join the ranks following Viktor. In 2014, he was crowned European champion. He also competes in the Denmark Badminton League with SIF(Skovshoved). He won the bronze medal at the 2008 European Badminton Championships and 2012 European Badminton Championships. Many people are unaware that Jan O Jorgensen had a relationship with cricket when he was a youngster.

WOMEN’S DIVISION

1. Carolina Marin

Carolina Marin is the top female player in the world of Badminton as of today. Winning the Women’s Single World Championship in 2014 and 2015 escalate her ranking to the No.1 spot in the women’s leaderboards. She is the first Spanish player to reach the top of the women’s singles rankings. She just won a gold medal at the Olympics after dominating India’s PV Sindhu. She possesses a strong smash and moves faster around the court than anybody else. She is the sole left-handed player in the global rankings. Marin’s mental grit and determination to succeed continue to astound everyone.

2. Wang Yihan

She is a retired professional badminton player from China. She started her professional badminton career when at only nine years of age. She occupied the number one spot in 2009. She won accolades for her action-packed performance in the 2012 Olympics and 2011 World Championships, 2006 World Cup, and Asian Championships in 2011 and 2013. She made the junior squad in 2004, and after being promoted to the senior team in 2006, she began to excel in big events.

3. Li Xuerui

She is a professional Chinese badminton player with a spectacular record for winning the 2012 London Olympic Gold Medal and a World Championship runner-up in 2013 and 2014. Outstanding technique, mental and physical power, and excellent court coverage made her badminton career go to her liking. She is currently holding the number 3 spot in the world.

4. Ratchanok Intanon

Ratchanok Intanon currently holds ninth place in the world rankings. In 2013, at the age of 19, she became one of the youngest women to win a singles World Championship. Aside from that, she has won the Junior Championship three years in succession, in 2009, 2010, and 2011. She is the first Thai player to reach the top of the Women’s Singles rankings. She is noted for her relaxed striking motion and nimble footwork, which observers have described as ‘balletic.’

5. Tai Tzu-Ying        

Tai Tzu-Ying is a Taiwanese badminton player who won the Taiwanese Ranking Competition at the age of 16. As a result, she is the youngest number one in Taiwanese badminton history. Her deceptive shots and fantastic skill set her apart from the other players. Tai won the gold medal in women’s singles at both the 2018 Asian Games and the 2017 Summer Universiade. She won the Asian Championships back-to-back, the Superseries Finals at the end of the year, and the All England Open, the oldest event globally. She won the silver medal in singles at the just ended Tokyo 2020 Olympics.

The game of rackets and shuttlecocks. Badminton is a unique sport that is very fun and exciting to play. Rules are straightforward. While within the court’s limits, the shuttlecock must be able to flit between the opponents without hitting the ground. 

However, beyond the nets and rackets bear interesting facts about the sport. Ever wondered how and when the sport got its name? Let’s take it down to memory lane.

5th Century BC

The sport called “ti jian zi” was played in China around the 5th century BC. From this term, ‘ti jian zi’, comes the phrase “kick the shuttle.” Keeping the shuttle from hitting the ground without using your hands is the goal of the game, as the name suggests. Although some might argue that the sport does not have anything to do with Badminton, it was the first sport that involves a shuttle.

Five Centuries Later

A sport called “Battledore and Shuttlecock” emerged five centuries later and was played in Japan, China, Greece, and India. The game involves a shuttlecock that you have to knock back and forth with a paddle or the Battledore. It has been played in the 16th century and is a famous pastime for youngsters. Additionally, Battledore and Shuttlecock are called jeu de volant in Europe. 

1860

A game entitled “Poona” emerged in India in the 1860s, with rules similar to Battledore and Shuttlecock. The only difference was the former utilized a net in the middle. People learned the sport, including the British army, which took the culture and sport back to their country land in the 1870s.

1873: The Name Establishment

The Duke of Beaufort had a lawn party in his place in 1873, in which the game Poona was played. It became popular and sparked fun in the British society’s elite. The party sport, ever since, was known as “the Badminton game.” 

1877

Badminton had most of the people become interested that the Bath Badminton Club was formed, from which the sport then established its first-ever set of rules. There’s a connection between the word “badminton” and Badminton House, the Duke of Beaufort’s estate in Gloucestershire, England. As a result of this game being reintroduced and promoted in this home, it was decided to call it Badminton. The International Badminton Federation is presently based in Gloucestershire.

Badminton is a sport with a very long history. Before it was termed badminton, the sport’s history dates back over 2,000 years. Badminton has a long and rich history, although the formal regulations were not formed until around 130 years ago. There was the “old” badminton and the “modern” badminton. Let’s dive into each one of them.

Old Badminton

Looking back to the 5th century B.C., the first shuttlecock game was played, having players hit the birdie with their feet. The earliest shuttlecock game was played in the 5th century B.C., with players hitting the birdie with their feet. In the 1st century B.C., Asians began playing “battledore,” The birdie is struck back and forth without striking the ground, a game that is still popular today.

Modern Badminton

Modern Badminton began in Pune, India, and was initially named ‘Poona.’ The initial pioneers of the game were British Army officers stationed there. They introduced it to the rest of Europe. In England, a building called ‘Badminton House’ hosted the first game in 1873, giving the game its name.      

A lot of names have been mentioned. However, the old official name of badminton is Poona, from which the word originated from a city in India where the sport is popular among the British army. However, because Poona is not precisely alike with today’s badminton rules, it is argued that badminton bears the old names of Poona and Battledore, and Shuttlecock.

With over 300 million active players globally, badminton is one of the most famous sport. Because it is practiced equally by men and women of all ages and ability levels, the sport’s health and social advantages are numerous.

If you have the opportunity to choose only one activity, you might want to try this entertaining and traditional racket sport. Singles or doubles, badminton is a great way to improve your mental, physical, social, and emotional well-being, regardless of whether you play alone or in a team setting.

Here are some of the benefits you get in badminton:

Improves Reflexes

Because this sport is fast-paced, it improves reflexes. Along with it comes the knowledge element that the player should have, particularly through tactics that will be utilized to defeat opponents.

Physical Health

Badminton incorporates a variety of physical activities such as sprinting, diving, and ball hitting, all of which burn around 450 calories each hour. It is considered to be a cardiovascular exercise and is a great sport to have fun in.

Enhances Muscle Quality in the Long Run

Consistency in playing the game could result in more toned muscle and joints, improving flexibility and mobility as one gets older. It also aids in maintaining weight, especially when paired with a proper diet.

As one gets consistent playing of the game, more benefits will be visible and acknowledged. In fact, badminton has some qualities unique from any other sport, making it one of the best sports anyone should try. 

Tones Muscles

Badminton focuses on leg muscles such as the glutes, quadriceps, hamstrings, and calves. Furthermore, because it is utilized to strike the shuttlecock with strength and force, it also tones the arm and back muscles. 

Boosts the Lungs’ Functionality

Playing the sport enhances the heart condition, which equally improves the functionality of the lungs. From hopping to sprinting and stretching, it is not a question of how the game has the capability to tone the respiratory muscles as well. 

Improves Metabolism

Badminton, as mentioned before, involves a lot of movements which causes the heart rate to rise quickly. This rise in the pulse aids digestion as well. For us to maintain good health and remain fit, it is important to have us value metabolic health. Sweat, which is normal during and after playing, helps remove toxins from the body, resulting in increased metabolism.

Advantages in Mental Health

The sport also enhances and pushes the production of happy hormones, decreasing pressure and stress. Additionally, because the game requires two or more players, it helps in establishing social life. Some of the characteristics targeted are teamwork and cooperation within the team. Lastly, it decreases the risk of medical-related issues such as hypertension and other coronary diseases.

Just like any other sport, badminton also has its rules to be followed by the players to easily determine the winner of each match. Over the course of time, these rules have undergone some revisions by the Badminton World Federation (BWF) to purposely enhance the fun and thrill that the players experience.

General Rules

The rules of badminton state that a toss shall be conducted before a game start. If you win, you can choose between serving first or starting play at either end of the court. The scoring system of badminton is similar to games like volleyball and table tennis. Modern badminton competitions often use a best-of-three-sets and 21-point scoring system. In a 21-point system, the “best of three sets” is commonly employed. A two-point lead is required to win. For example, if the score is 20-20, you cannot win the game even if you win by 21 points. It must be 22-20; the same rules apply in other situations till 30: you cannot win with 24-23, 26-25, or 28-27; you must have two points in a row, often known as “two clear points,” such as 23-21. However, the rules differ if the game reaches the 30-point mark or the upper limit of the game. This restriction exists because the BWF attempts to prevent a match from dragging on for too long, especially in top-level tournaments when a protracted match may result in athlete injuries. An interval in a 21-point system game implies that players on both teams receive 1 minute of rest when one team achieves 11 points. During the best of three sets, the courts will be switched twice. The court will be changed during the third game when either team’s score hits 11 (IOWA, n.d.).

Serving

For serving, there are rules imposed by the BWF that the player should strictly follow. The two feet must be in touch with both the server and the receiver. The server must strike the cork first, not the feather. In the previous, birdies have to be hit by servers under their bottom rib, with the racket head below the racket handle, but subsequently, all servers have to hit shuttles under a set 1.15-meter height since March 2018 (badmintonprofessor.com, 2021). There must be no dirty hit, double hit, or difficulties till the service is rendered.

You should not serve until your opponent is ready; nevertheless, if they attempt to return the serve, they are deemed ready, and play begins. If you miss the shuttle when serving, serving for the second time is possible, as long as the racket has not been in contact with the shuttlecock or bridie. Birdies that cross the net during play are good and should be played. If the shuttle touches the net during serving, it is a “let” if the service is otherwise excellent and the birdie is served again. Birdies that land on the line are regarded as playable, thus granting the point.

Scoring System

The scoring system differs between singles and doubles matches. Assume that player A is the server in this game, and his/her score is 0 or even; one must stand in the right service court. Player B should take a position on the left side of the receiving court. Below is an example for a singles match:

Even numbers (On the right service court): 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22

Odd numbers (On the left service court): 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21

For doubles, each team serves except at the start of the game with the conventional scoring system. A side has only one server in the Rally Point Scoring method. The server serves from the right service court at the start of the game, and when the score goes even. When the situation calls for it, the server will serve from the left court. The server must board the shuttle and proceed to the opposite service court. This extends to the outside rectangular space in doubles. After a serve, the shuttle may be returned into any section of the other end of the court indicated by the outside margins of the boundary lines. If the serving side wins, it scores a point on the serving side and serves from the alternating service court again on the same server. If the receiving team wins a rally, the receiving team earns a point. The receiving side is transformed into the new serving side. The players do not switch service courts until their team has won a point while serving. If a player makes a mistake on the service court, the fault is rectified as soon as it is found. Following the receiving team’s serve, any partner may make a play on the shuttlecock during successive returns.


Badminton may seem a bit difficult for beginners when played by its rules but unlike any other sport, it is less complicated and does not demand the exertion of greater force. It is a very fun and healthy sport which can be played by anyone. But to become a true badminton player you must be clearly aware of the basic rules of this game and learn like a real professional athlete and maybe one day you will see yourself competing against those famous players.